Examining the impact on population health of state pre-emption of local tobacco control
The Foundation's program, Public Health Law Research: Making the Case for Laws That Improve Health, was designed to build the evidence for public health law and policy, translate research findings into practical tools to increase the support for and use of law by policy makers and public health practitioners, and to translate findings to other fields and venues to improve and protect health.Although state preemption laws have been on the books for over two decades in most cases, little is known about the impact that such laws have had on health. This study will involve a multi-year, multivariate analysis linking state preemptive provisions with adult and adolescent tobacco use and related health behaviors and health outcomes. The aim of the study is to examine the relationship between state laws that preempt local tobacco control policies (i.e., local regulation of smoking in workplaces and public places, youth access to tobacco products, and tobacco advertising) and population health behaviors and outcomes (i.e., adult and youth tobacco initiation, use, and cessation rates, lung cancer rates and other chronic diseases associated with tobacco use)). The research findings will also have practical application beyond tobacco control, as preemption has been used to block local obesity prevention interventions. Deliverables will include a toolkit of materials that can be used by public health professionals seeking to eliminate or prevent preemption in their states.
Amount Awarded $149,980.00
Awarded on: 11/14/2012
Time frame: 11/15/2012 - 7/31/2014
Grant Number: 70563